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Roads and the environment: a handbook. the environment and its. Ecosystems. Our actions have consequences not only for our immediate envi-ronment, but for us as well; anything we do to degrade our environment will generally affect our well-being later on. 1Here and throughout this handbook, the term environ-. ment shall be assumed to encompass both bio-physical and so&-economic components, unless specified other-wise. 4. A key characteristic of the environment is its compromise between evolution and balance. This dynamic equilibrium is a reflection of the interactions between and within ecosystems.
Chapter 1. Chapter 2 Chapter 3. Assessing the environmental impact of road projects. The environment and its ecosystems . New, existing, rural, and urban project settings.
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Introduction Roads and the Environment Purpose of the Handbook Guiding Principles Applying the Handbook .
Introduction Roads and the Environment Purpose of the Handbook Guiding Principles Applying the Handbook Structure of the Handbook Legal Obligations. Stakeholder Communication Training Conservation of Native Vegetation and Fauna Special Environmental Areas Dieback Vegetation Control. In this handbook, environment is a broad term encompassing natural elements of vegetation, fauna, wetlands and rivers, as well as our human environment or amenity and our heritage. Successful protection of this varied environment requires commitment and action by road management organisations and those acting on their behalf.
This handbook examines specific road projects ranging from minor rehabilitation and maintenance activities on existing roads to major works on new alignments. It provides a description of practical methods for designing and executing effective environmental assessments that are useful to those who are involved in various aspects of road projects, from planning to construction to maintenance. Format Paperback 248 pages.
Environmental impact design (EID) is the design of development projects so as to achieve positive environmental objectives that benefit the environment and raise the stock of public goods. Examples of EID include: Habitat creation as a result of afforestation projects that can "expand forest resources and reduce the gap between timber production and consumption. An example is the China Afforestation Project.
Handbook of Road Ecology offers a comprehensive summary of. .In conclusion, the book provides a very important contribution to the understanding of the effects of linear infrastructures on wildlife.
Handbook of Road Ecology offers a comprehensive summary of approximately 30 years of global efforts to quantify the impacts of roads and traffic and implement effective mitigation. As such, it is essential reading for those involved in the planning, design, assessment and construction of new roads; the management and maintenance of existing roads; and the modifying or retrofitting of existing roads and problem locations. 8 Construction of roads and wildlife mitigation measures: Pitfalls and opportunities 60 Cameron Weller.
Roads are increasingly common in today's world as human development expands and people increasingly rely on cars for transportation on a daily basis. Roads can also be a conduit for pollutants into the environment. The United States contains over 4 million miles of roadways and an estimated 20% of land in the country is impacted by the presence of roads. 1 This large network of roads has dramatically altered the landscape and can impact wildlife in a number of deleterious ways. In addition to causing mortality, roads can also shift population demographics and be a source of pollution into the environment.