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Empathy: A Social Psychological Approach (Social Psychology) epub

by Mark H. Davis


Empathy: A Social Psychological Approach (Social Psychology) epub

ISBN: 0697168948

ISBN13: 978-0697168948

Author: Mark H. Davis

Category: Fitness and Dieting

Subcategory: Mental Health

Language: English

Publisher: Brown & Benchmark Pub (October 1, 1994)

Pages: 224 pages

ePUB book: 1498 kb

FB2 book: 1388 kb

Rating: 4.4

Votes: 235

Other Formats: txt azw doc mobi





Mark H. Davis is associate professor of psychology at Eckerd College in St. Petersburg, Florida.

Mark H. Series: Social Psychology Series. So, he finds that studies are interesting and intriguing, and there is this theory, that theory, and the other little theory down there somewhere. The idea that empathy is a 'disposition' probably refers to organic variables, such as appear in in socio-biology (Chapter 2). Maybe empathy becomes 'global' in infancy, but 'egocentric' in childhood, and 'altruistic' in adulthood.

Empathy: A social psychological approach. Book · January 2018 with 467 Reads. How we measure 'reads'. Davis' approach is explicitly multidimensional.

Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Start by marking Empathy: A Social Psychological Approach as Want to Read: Want to Read savin. ant to Read.

Books, images, historic newspapers, maps, archives and more. 3. The Contact Hypothesis in Intergroup Relations. 4. Social Identity, Self-Categorization, and Intergroup Attitudes. 5. Intercultural Relations. 6. Intergroup Conflict and Its Resolution.

A Multidimensional Approach to Individual Differences in Empathy Mark H. Davis

A Multidimensional Approach to Individual Differences in Empathy Mark H. Davis. The University of Texas at Austin. For over 200 years, the notion of responsivity to the experiences of another has been discussed by social theorists, and from the beginning the multidimensional nature of this phenomenon has been recognized. Smith (1759), for instance, made the initial differentiation between instinctive sympathy (or empathy), which he described as a quick, involuntary, seemingly emotional reaction to the experiences of others, and intellectualized sympathy, or the ability to recognize the emotional experiences of others without any vicarious experiencing of that state.

Davis' approach is explicitly multidimensional. He draws careful distinctions between situational and dispositional ?antecedents? of empathy, cognitive and noncognitive ?internal processes,? affective and nonaffective ?intrapersonal outcomes,? and the ?interpersonal behavioral outcomes? that follow. Davis presents a novel organizational model to help classify and interpret previous findings.

Social Psychology - Experimental and Critical Approaches. Категория: Psychology.

Категория: Языкознание. 1 Mb. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, Volume 16: Theorizing in Social Psychology : Theoretical Perspectives. Social Psychology - Experimental and Critical Approaches. 4 Mb. Social Psychology of Consumer Behavior.

Social psychology is the scientific study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined or implied presence of others. In this definition, scientific refers to the empirical investigation using the scientific method. The terms thoughts, feelings, and behaviors refer to psychological variables that can be measured in humans.

Social Psychology Network. An Invitation to Social Psychology: Censoring and Expressing the Self. Cultural Psychology: A Perspective on Psychological Functioning and Social Reform. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Maintained by Scott Plous, Wesleyan University. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. Shiraev, E. & Levy, D. A. (2016).

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This multidimensional approach brings together cognitive, sociobiological and behavioural perspectives providing students with a thorough, vet balanced and well-synthesised presentation of contemporary empathy research. The author approaches the topic in two ways: 1. through empirical work which is examined in a variety of empathy-related areas, clearly recognising the theoretical context; 2. through an organisational model which puts the smaller pieces into one, more coherent whole.
Professor Davis tries to make system out of a chaos of observation studies that are badly in need of theory. Davis' theory is an 'organizational model' (Chapter 1) of arrows among boxes, with the 'actor' (person) as the starting points and the 'target' (another person) as the ending point. Arrows point to the boxes. On launch (or 'processing'), there are 'intrapersonal outcomes' and 'interpersonal outcomes' of helping, aggression, and 'social behavior.' There is no theoretical discussion that explains the boxes, the arrows, 'social psychology,' or any of the technical terms.

Searching the book for a definition of 'empathy' finds 35 subheadings under that topic, among which Davis does not take a position. So, he finds that studies are “interesting” and “intriguing,” and there is this theory, that theory, and the other little theory down there somewhere. The idea that empathy is a 'disposition' probably refers to organic variables, such as appear in in socio-biology (Chapter 2). Maybe empathy becomes 'global' in infancy, but 'egocentric' in childhood, and 'altruistic' in adulthood.

(Let me reveal my bias. Empathy is somatic responses from the physical-organic genetic heritage in insects, fish, mammals, and primates, as the literature in socio-biology shows. In humans, empathy is automatic, mutual sharing of feelings, as in heart-rate changes that match between infants and mothers or matching of monthly cycles in adults ('cycle sisters') in intimacy among adults. But organic empathetic feelings attenuate after infancy. Human history demonstrates that sympathy so humans come to sympathy, which is is the capacity to observe the feelings of others without automatically mirroring the feelings. Social system and culture teach humans how to act on sympathy ultimately as altruism.)

Davis' data in the search for empathy are test situations in the literature, but his presentations have no consistent references to age, sample size, and like variables (Chapter 3). Davis reviews a very wide range of recent literature, particularly small groups of college students. His measures are 'role-taking, the tendency of individuals to entertain the perceptual, cognitive, or affective perspective of others'; 'non-affective outcomes such as accuracy in social judgments'; and 'affective outcomes' (undefined).

Assessment of 'individual differences' in empathy ends in the generalization that these depend on family relations and discipline (Chapter 4).

His search for 'non-affective outcomes' (Chapter 5) reviews 'actor-target' observations that seek empathetic actors' matching targets' 'empathetic actions' by 'urging the observer' to 'empathetic role taking.' For defined as accuracy in the perception of others, Davis writes, “...the overall pattern, to put it charitably, is mixed” (91). In other words, poor correlations show that the search is for Will-o'-the Wisp.

The search for 'affective outcomes' (Chapter 6) reviews studies for 'parallel responding' (imitation) and 'reactive responding' (sympathy), but finds no correlations of any importance: “all modes of responding...will tend to produce affective and parallel responding” (110) and “...although tending in general to produce affect of all types, adopting the perspective of the target [other person] is the process especially likely to produce empathetic concern.” (110)

The search for 'interpersonal outcomes' (Chapter 7) differentiates 'egoistic' (self-serving) from 'true' altruism (self-sacrifice) and finds the tautology that empathy affects helping behavior. Aggression is another 'interpersonal' or 'social' behavior, and the literature displays other tautologies – aggression interferes with empathetic behavior and social relationships such as marriage benefit from satisfaction, consideration, communication, and conflict management (Chapter 8, 9).

The writer asks “where we should go from here,” as he titles Chapter 10: new measurement methods and a better organizational model. Indeed, the 'organizational model' is not analytic; arrows proceed in one direction, without mention of feedback; 'affect' and 'cognition' are not equivalent categories; and 'outcome' is an evaluation of goal-attainment without statement of the goals of the actor in social structure and culture.

The book has a long index that fogs all the terms by listing their connections to other terms. There is a long bibliography, and the writing style is pleasant, pitched at college undergraduates.
Wonderful synopsis of studies on empathy plus a great series of theoretical analysis regarding the topic.